Botulinum toxin and its effect on nervous system has been known for a long time since using contaminated sausages and in 1895, scientist discovered the cause of this poison which was a bacterial pathogen. In 1940, this poison was isolated and condensed from bacterium called clostridium botulinum. In 1970, this medicine was tested on people with strabismus or spasm of the eyelids, and in 1989 it was confirmed as a medicine to cure strabismus and spasm of the eyelids by the US Food and Drug Administration.
At the time of treatment, the effects of this drug on smoothing the wrinkles around eyes as well as forehead were discovered therefore it has been started to be used. Of course in 2002, the US Food and Drug Administration approved it to remove the wrinkles between eyebrows for 18 to 65-years-old people. Nowadays Botox injection is considered as the most common methods in beauty treatment around the world.
In fact, Botox is extracted from the toxic of a bacterium called clostridium botulinum that Botulinum toxin is its brand name. After injection, the poison paralyzes muscles temporarily in the area and prevents their contraction. Therefore it improves the lines and wrinkles caused by face muscles movements especially in forehead, between eyebrows and around eyes. Absolutely, Botox effect will disappear after 3 to 6 month and the muscles will return to their primary condition.
How can Botox injection improve wrinkles?
Some wrinkles of human face are appeared by contraction of muscles under the skin that are called dynamic-type wrinkles such as frown lines, crow’s feet and laugh lines. Botox injection causes muscles under the skin of the areas where injection has done paralyze temporarily thereby prevents wrinkles progress and its deepening and at the same time skin restore itself by making collagen.
Advantages of injecting Botox on the face
- Removing frown lines between the brows
- Removing crow’s feet around the eyes
Complications of Botox injection
All surgeries whether simple or complicated have some complications along with their benefits. But one of the advantages of Botox injection is that all complications that may be appeared by Botox in an individual usually will occur at the first two weeks of injection and after a while will be reversible and resolved. Common complications of Botox injection include:
- Non-mirroring eyebrows
- Evil eyebrows or excessive lifting of end of the eyebrows
- Botox without effect
- Dropping of the eyelids
Who shouldn’t receive Botox injection?
Botox injection is almost ineffective in those with infectious and inflammatory diseases in or around their face, those with a history of Botox allergy, women who are pregnant or are feeding their babies, people who use heart medications, those individuals with a very thick skin or very deep wrinkles.
Beauty injections in Mahrokh Clinic are performed by experienced physician using the most advanced and high quality equipment. This clinic only use tested medical and high quality products that are produced by well-known international companies. One of these products is Dysport of England. It can be undoubtedly asserted that Dysport is the best Botox brand in Iran to remove the face wrinkles and to have a smooth face with an even skin. So far, millions of people around the world have been using this product where the brilliant results obtained from the surveys performed in reputable medical centers have shown high efficiency and quality of this product.
Method and durability of Botox
Botox injection is performed by experienced physician and as out-patient and only in less than 10 minutes. Since the infusion is done by very delicate needles it doesn’t have any pain therefore it doesn’t require to anesthesia. After sterilization of face skin, physician inject a little of Botox to upper part of eyebrows, forehead and around the eyes using Insulin syringe. The patient can continue his/her daily activities after Botox injection.
Botox effect will start two hours after injection and after three to five days is visible and will reach to maximum level after 14 days. Durability of Botox effect is about six months and after that it will disappear.
Aftercare of Botox infection
After Botox infusion for removing wrinkles, patient is advised to move the face muscles (frown and open it but not massage the injection site). The patient should not bow or lie down up to 4 hours.
He/she should not bathe, wash his/her face or make up till 24 hours. Also, at night, two extra pillows should be used on two sides of her face in order to prevent moving the face to left or right.
Who should not inject Botox?
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Patients with acute renal failure
- Neuromuscular disorders such as myasthenia gravis, Eaton Lambert syndrome and ALS
- Consumers of anti-refractory drugs such as Heparin and Warfarin
- Those people who have used Amino Glycoside (such as Gentamicin and Amikacin) within one week before forehead Botox injection. They can inject Botox one week after stopping the medicine.
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